As a new parent, it’s normal to have lots of questions about vaccinating your baby. Here’s a quick guide to help you understand the basics of the Newborn Vaccination Guide.
Why are vaccinations important?
Vaccinations help protect your baby from serious diseases. They work by exposing your baby to a small amount of the virus or bacteria that causes the disease. This helps your baby’s body build immunity to the disease, so if they’re ever exposed to it in the future, they’re more likely to fight it off.
Also, know about Setting Up a Safe Sleep Area for Your Baby.
What vaccinations does my baby need?
The vaccination schedule for babies in the United States is recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It includes vaccinations against 14 different diseases, including polio, measles, and whooping cough.
Recommended Newborn Vaccination Guide
- Hepatitis B: The hepatitis B vaccination protects against the liver-damaging hepatitis B virus. The first shot in the series may have already been administered to your kid in the hospital. At one to two months, the second dosage is given, and between six and eighteen months, the third.
- Rotavirus vaccination: It offers defense against the most frequent cause of infant dehydration, vomiting, and diarrhea. It is advised at two and four months.
- Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (DTaP): The DTaP vaccination protects against three very dangerous diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Tetanus severely twists the muscles, diphtheria enlarges the throat, and whooping cough makes it difficult for children to breathe. There are five doses in the series, which are given at two months, four months, six months, within 15 and 18 months, and between four and six years. At age 11 or 12, children get a booster injection with a new formulation (Tdap), and then as adults, every ten years.
- Hib vaccine: The Hib vaccination guards against the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), which may harm a baby’s brain and hearing by infecting the brain and spinal cord. At two months, four months, six months, and between twelve and fifteen months, infants need four doses.
- Pneumococcal vaccine: Streptococcus pneumoniae, that causes meningitis, pneumonia, and certain ear infections, is prevented by the pneumococcal vaccination. Additionally, it is a four-dose series that is given at 2, 4, 6, and 12 to 15 months.
- Polio vaccine: Before the development of the polio vaccine, the illness polio paralyzed more than 25,000 people annually. Nowadays, vaccinations against it are given to children at 2 months, 4 months, throughout 6 and 18 months, by between 4 and 6 years old.
- MMR: Measles, mumps, and rubella are all diseases that are protected against by the MMR vaccination. You get a rash with measles, and in rare circumstances, it may cause serious brain swelling. Salivary gland swelling and discomfort are symptoms of the mumps. Additionally, if a pregnant woman contracts rubella, often known as German measles, it may result in catastrophic birth abnormalities or miscarriage. Between the ages of 4 and 6 years old and between the months of 12 and 15, the MMR vaccination is advised.
- Chickenpox: In the past, getting chickenpox was a painful childhood milestone. Serious side effects including pneumonia and encephalitis might also occur. The varicella vaccination, however, has greatly reduced its prevalence. It arrives between 4 and 6 years and between 12 and 15 months.
- Hepatitis A: A dangerous liver condition is hepatitis A. The vaccination is available in two doses, beginning at age 12, and they must be spaced at least six months apart.
- Meningococcal conjugate vaccine: The meningococcal conjugate vaccine protects against four separate bacterial strains that may infect the brain and circulation and cause potentially fatal illnesses. Between the ages of 11 and 12, with a booster at 16. For older teenagers and young adults who are at high risk, a vaccination is available against a second strain of the bacterium called meningococcal B.
- The human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV): The human papillomavirus vaccination (HPV) guards against a set of viruses that are responsible for the majority of vulva, penis, anus, rectum, and throat cancers in addition to almost all occurrences of cervical cancer. Two doses, spaced six to twelve months apart, are advised for kids aged 11 to 12. Teenagers over 15 who haven’t had it need three doses.
- Influenza vaccine: Every year, starting at 6 months old, it is advised that everyone get an influenza vaccination.
When should my baby get vaccinated?
Most of the vaccinations on the schedule are given as a series of shots spread out over several months. This is because a baby’s immune system is still developing, so they may not be able to build up full immunity after just one dose.
Your baby’s doctor will let you know when each vaccination is due based on the CDC schedule.
What are the side effects of vaccinations?
The most common side effect of vaccinations is soreness and redness at the injection site. Some babies may also have a mild fever. These side effects are usually mild and go away on their own within a few days.
In very rare cases, a severe allergic reaction can occur after vaccination. If this happens, it’s important to get medical help right away.
Are there any risks to vaccinating my baby?
The risks of not vaccinating your baby are much greater than the risks of vaccinating them. Vaccinations are safe and effective, and they help protect your baby from serious diseases if you follow the Newborn Vaccination Guide properly after taking advice from a health agent.
If you have any concerns about vaccinating your baby, talk to your doctor. They can answer any questions you have and help you make the best decision for your family.
Vaccinations are an important part of protecting your baby’s health. With this quick guide, you can feel confident that you’re making the best decision for your little one.